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Multicultural group of middle school students working on phonics and word study

Phonics, Word Study & Decoding

For some struggling readers, the difficulties start as they try to sound out words. Older readers with weak phonics and decoding skills have specific needs that must be met before they can progress. Articles in this section shed light on the topic, and provide examples of ways teachers and parents can help.

Latino middle grade student reading text in class

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Key Literacy Component: Decoding

Decoding is the ability to correctly decipher and identify a word from a string of letters. Students who struggle with decoding are at a disadvantage, but explicit instruction can help them learn this skill.