P-16 and P-20 Councils

August 31, 2009 3:32:50 PM

State coordinating councils created to align the standards of primary schools (preschool through Grade 12) with postsecondary (college, years 13-16) requirements, and link to workplace success after college graduation (years 17-20). The goal of these councils is to ensure a seamless educational process for students as they move from one level to the next, and prepare them for success after graduation.

Peer Mentoring

August 31, 2009 3:23:29 PM

An arrangement in which an older youth (mentor) provides a younger student with support and/or tutoring in a one-on-one relationship. The mentor serves as a role model for a younger student who needs help.

Phoneme

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

The smallest unit of speech that serves to distinguish one utterance from another in a language.

Phonemic Awareness

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

The ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words. For example, beginning readers display phonemic awareness by combining or blending the separate sounds of a word to say the word (/c/ /a/ /t/ – cat).

Phonics

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

A form of instruction to cultivate the understanding and use of the alphabetic principle; that there is a predictable relationship between phonemes (the sounds in spoken language) and graphemes, the letters that represent those sounds in written language, and that this information can be used to read or decode words.

Phonological Awareness

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

A range of understandings related to the sounds of words and word parts, including identifying and manipulating larger parts of spoken language such as words, syllables, and onset and rime. It also includes phonemic awareness as well as other aspects of spoken language such as rhyming and syllabication.

Placement Assessment

September 02, 2009 1:04:23 PM

An assessment used to determine the most appropriate academic placement (grade level, setting, and special services) for an individual student.

Plateau Effect

August 31, 2009 3:31:43 PM

This occurs when teaching methods that have formerly helped a student learn and progress are no longer effective. The child’s upward learning curve “flattens out”(reaches a plateau).

Portfolio Assessment

November 12, 2007 11:04:23 AM

A systematic collection of a variety of teacher observations and a student's work, collected over time, that reflect growth of the student’s knowledge, skills, and attitudes in a specific subject area. Portfolios can be print-based or digital.

Print Awareness

August 31, 2009 3:32:05 PM

The understanding that written language contains information and is related to oral language. This connection motivates and directs readers.


>> Printed from: http://www.adlit.org/adlit_glossary/?letter=P&theme=print

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