Grade Equivalent Scores

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

In a norm-referenced assessment, individual students' scores are reported relative to those of the norming population. This can be done in a variety of ways, but one way is to report the average grade level of students who received the same score as the individual child. Thus, an individual child's score is described as being the same as students in higher, the same, or lower grades than that student For example, a student in 2nd grade may earn the same score that an average fourth grade student does, suggesting that this student is quite advanced.


March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

A letter or letter combination that spells a single phoneme. In English, a grapheme may be one, two, three, or four letters, such as e, ei, igh, or eigh.

Graphic Organizer

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

A text, diagram or other pictorial device that summarizes, organizes, and illustrates interrelationships among concepts in a text. Graphic organizers are often known as maps, webs, graphs, charts, frames, or clusters.

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