March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

The ability to translate a word from print to speech, usually by employing knowledge of sound-symbol correspondences. It is also the act of deciphering a new word by sounding it out.

Developmental Spelling

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

A recognition that the invented spellings of children follow a developmental pattern. As students learn about written words, their attempts at spelling reflect an increased awareness of orthographic patterns.

Differentiated Instruction

October 25, 2007 9:44:57 AM

An approach to teaching that includes planning out and executing various approaches to content, process, and product. Differentiated instruction is used to meet the needs of student differences in readiness, interests, and learning needs.

Digital Literacy

November 12, 2007 10:50:17 AM

The ability to learn and use the computer skills required to function in the workplace and in educational settings. Many researchers believe it will become increasingly necessary to be digitally literate to succeed in an Internet-connected economy.

Direct Instruction

August 31, 2009 3:18:51 PM

A teaching method that features highly scripted lessons and repetitive, interactive activities that teachers present to groups of students. The method is designed to increase student skills through carefully sequenced curriculum.

Direct Vocabulary Learning

March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

Explicit instruction in both the meanings of individual words and word-learning strategies. Direct vocabulary instruction aids reading comprehension.

Discipline-Area Literacy

August 31, 2009 3:22:20 PM

(Also called Content-Area Literacy) - The advanced literacy skills required to master academic content areas, particularly the areas of math, science, English, and history. Content-area literacy is necessary for success at the secondary level and requires knowledge and understanding of the language, terminology, structure, and patterns of specific academic subject areas.

Double-Entry Journals

November 12, 2007 10:51:21 AM

Also called two-column notes. With this strategy, a student writes two kinds of notes in two columns or on facing pages. On the left are the key ideas in the assigned reading selection, with the page on which they occur, either directly quoted or paraphrased; on the right, the student writes his thoughts about those ideas. Double-entry journals can be completed on paper or using word processing or other software.


August 31, 2009 3:19:13 PM

Difficulty writing legibly and with age-appropriate speed.


March 14, 2006 7:52:33 AM

A language-based learning disability that affects both oral and written language. It may also be referred to as reading disability, reading difference, or reading disorder. Dyslexia can also cause difficulty with writing, spelling, listening, speaking, and math.


August 31, 2009 3:19:46 PM

Difficulty remembering names or recalling specific words; sometimes called a “word-retrieval” problem.

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