Fluency is the ability to read a text correctly and quickly. Learn which strategies are recommended to improve students' fluency and how to incorporate these strategies at home and in the classroom.

Develop Fluency Using Content-Based Texts

By: Elaine K. McEwan (2011)

Fluency is the missing piece of the reading puzzle for many older students. They can decode, but they cannot do it automatically and accurately enough to comprehend text. Here are some fluency-building activities to complement content delivery. See also Teach Students How to Fluently Read Multisyllabic Content Vocabulary.

Key Literacy Component: Fluency

By: National Institute for Literacy (2008)

Fluent readers can read text accurately, smoothly, and with good comprehension. Students who get bogged down in the mechanics of reading have trouble with this skill. With proper instruction, struggling readers can improve their fluency.

Academic Language: Everyone's "Second" Language

By: Norma Mota–Altman (2006)

Being able to speak English fluently does not guarantee that a student will be able to use language effectively in academic settings. Fluency must be combined with higher order thinking skills to create an "academic language," which allows students to effectively present their ideas in a way that others will take seriously. The author, an ELL teacher, describes her use of "protocols" (a cheat sheet of sentence starters) to build students' cognitive academic language proficiency.

Fluency: Instructional Guidelines and Student Activities

By: Texas Education Agency (2002)

The best strategy for developing reading fluency is to provide your students with many opportunities to read the same passage orally several times. To do this, you should first know what to have your students read. Second, you should know how to have your students read aloud repeatedly.

>> Printed from: http://www.adlit.org/article/c122/?sort=date&theme=print

© 2018. All rights reserved. AdLit.org is an educational initiative of WETA, the flagship public television station in the nation's capital. AdLit.org is funded by the Ann B. and Thomas L. Friedman Family Foundation and Carnegie Corporation of New York. The statements and views expressed are solely the responsibility of the authors.